California has the largest number of endemic plants than any other state – plants that are native here and nowhere else. It has the tallest tree in the world, the oldest tree in the world and the most massive tree in the world.
California Coastal Redwood (Sequoia sempervirens) The tallest tree in the world is 379′ tall. In the landscape you can plan for 20′ in 10 years and 40′ in 20 years. It is a tough landscape tree but hard to grow plants under. These trees at Dawn Gardens are growing with only 2 or 3 emitters and are 10 years old. Giant Sequoia, Big Tree, Sierra Redwood (Sequoiadendron giganteum). The most massive tree in the world. The General Sherman tree in Kings County has a trunk circumference of 79′.
Bristlecone Pine (Pinus aristata) The oldest plant in the world is a Bristlecone Pine. It is over 4000 years old determined by trunk cores. It has 5 needles in a bundle and it is common to have spots of pitch on the needles. In the garden don’t give it any water.
Digger Pine (Pinus sabiniana)
3 needles per bundle
See post of 8/25/19 “Largest Digger Pine”
Ponderosa Pine (Pinus ponderosa) 3 needles per bundle
Madrone (Arbutus menziesii)
Interior Live Oak (Quercus wizlizenii)
Black Oak (Quercus kelloggii)
Photo taken during Northern California fires of 2020.
Quaking Aspen (Populus tremuloides) Likes elevations above 6000′.
California Buckeye (Aesculus californica)
See post of May 25, 2019.
California Bay (Umbellularia californica)
Pacific Dogwood (Cornus nuttallii)
California Redbud (Cercis occidentalis)
Evergreen Huckleberry (Vaccinum ovatum) The fruit is delicious.
Spice Bush (Calycanthus occidentalis). Fragrant flower.
Summer Holly (Comarostaphylis diversifolia)
Snowberry (Symphoricarpos albus)
Longleaf Mahonia (Mahonia nervosa)
Oregon Grape (Mahonia aquifolium)
California Holly Grape (Mahonia pinnata)
California Coffeeberry (Rhamnus californica)
Eve Case Coffeeberry (Rhamnus californica ‘Eve Case’)
McMinn Manzanita (Arctostaphylos densiflorus ‘Howard McMinn’) It will have foliage down to the ground unless it is pruned up.
Dr. Hurd Manzanita (Arctostaphylos ‘Dr. Hurd’)
Bush Anemone (Carpenteria californica)
Bush Anemone cut back after 16 years
Eriophyllum lanatum ‘Siskiyou’
Sticky Monkey Flower (Mimulus aurantiacus) In its native habitat. Many cultivars are available.
Mimulus ‘Ruby Slippers’
See also blog post of June 14, 2020 “Mimulus”
Pink Winter Currant (Ribes sanguineum)
Ribes sanguineum ‘Barrie Coate’
Ribes ‘White Icicles’
Fuchsia Flowering Gooseberry (Ribes speciosum)
Coast Silktassel (Garrya elliptica ‘James Roof’)
California Buckwheat (Eriogonum fasciculatum)
Toyon/California Christmas Berry (Heteromeles arbutifolia)
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi ‘Massachusetts’
Oregon Sorrel (Oxalis oregona) for the shade
Inside-out Flower (Vancouveria hexandra)
Arizonia Fuchsia (Zauschneria arizonica)
California Fuchsia (Zauschneria californica)
Sonoma Sage (Salvia sonomensis)
California Dutchman’s Pipe (Aristolochia californica)
Matilija Poppy (Romneya coulteri)
Indian Rhubarb (Darmera peltata) Fall color